MCQS on Accounting Equation

which of the following is the accounting equation?

Remember in the first example we put money into the bank? Well, this time we’ll be using the bank again, only now we’ll be spending money. That means our bank account, an asset, is going to decrease. You have just put $10,000 into the bank, which is an asset.

  • The fundamental components of the accounting equation include the calculation of both company holdings and company debts; thus, it allows owners to gauge the total value of a firm’s assets.
  • Will cause a reduction in the corporation’s retained earnings, which in turn reduces the corporation’s stockholders’ equity.
  • Account classes such as Assets & Expenses tend to have a debit balance, while account classes such as liabilities & income have a credit balance.
  • For every transaction, both sides of this equation must have an equal net effect.
  • Adding up the sum of liabilities and the total owners/shareholders equity, which will equal the sum of the assets.
  • Note that for each date in the above example, the sum of entries under the “Assets” heading is equal to the sum of entries under the “Liabilities + Owner’s Equity” heading.
  • Liabilities are the company’s existing debts and obligations owed to third parties. receivable are amounts owed to the company by customers who have received products or services but have not yet paid for them. TransactionRunning bank balanceWe put $10,000 into the business. With these two entries, the equation is now balanced. Are amounts owed to others relating to loans, extensions of credit, and other obligations arising in the course of business.

Transaction 3:

Until now, the accounting equation has focused on the balance sheet components. This equation must balance because everything the entity owns has to be purchased with something, either a liability or owner’s capital. Assets refer to items like inventory or accounts receivable. Examples of liabilities are bank loans or accounts payable. Owner’s capital or equity is the investment or capital the owner has in the firm. The asset, liability, and shareholders’ equity portions of the accounting equation are explained further below, noting the different accounts that may be included in each one.


A revenue transaction decreases the sum of the balances on the left side of an accounting equation. The accounting equation is also known as the balance sheet equation or the basic accounting equation. ABC Company sells $120,000 of its shares to investors. This increases the cash account by $120,000, and increases the capital stock account. ABC Company pays $29,000 on existing supplier invoices. This reduces the cash account by $29,000 and reduces the accounts payable account. This reduces the cash account and reduces the accounts payable account.

Understanding the Accounting Equation

The accounting equation can be thought of from a “sources and claims” perspective; that is, the assets were obtained by incurring liabilities or were provided by owners. Stated differently, everything a company owns must equal everything the company owes to creditors and owners . ABC Company buys raw materials on credit for $5,000. This increases the inventory account and increases the accounts payable account. Thus, the asset and liability sides of the transaction are equal. This increases the fixed assets account and increases the accounts payable account.

  • The owner’s equity represents the amount that is invested by the owner in the company plus the net profit retained in the company.
  • During the month of February, Metro Corporation earned a total of $50,000 in revenue from clients who paid cash.
  • Owner’s equity represents the amount owed to the owner or owners by the company.
  • Harold Averkamp has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years.
  • Ledger AccountLedger in accounting records and processes a firm’s financial data, taken from journal entries.

A debit refers to an increase in an asset or a decrease in a liability or shareholders’ equity. A credit in contrast refers to a decrease in an asset or an increase in a liability or shareholders’ equity. The accounting equation is also called the basic accounting equation or the balance sheet equation.

Rearranging the accounting equation

We will the expense account Utility Expense and decrease the asset Cash. We want to decrease the liability Accounts Payable and decrease the asset cash since we are not buying new supplies but paying for a previous purchase.

Long-term liabilities are usually owed to lending institutions and include notes payable and possibly unearned revenue. Now that we know the Debit side has decreased, we need to record the second side of the transaction that will keep the equation in balance. Let’s look at some examples to see the accounting/bookkeeping equation in action. Go a level deeper with us and investigate the potential impacts of climate change on investments like your retirement account.

Transaction 2

When cash is paid on account, a liability is increased. Assets such as cash and supplies have value because they can be used to acquire other assets or to operate a business. When financial records for a business and for its owner’s personal belongings are not mixed, this is an application of the Business Entity accounting concept.

What Are the 3 Elements of the Accounting Equation?

The three elements of the accounting equation are assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity. The formula is straightforward: A company’s total assets are equal to its liabilities plus its shareholders’ equity. The double-entry bookkeeping system, which has been adopted globally, is designed to accurately reflect a company’s total assets.

The three primary components of the sheet are assets, liabilities, and stockholders’ equity. Let’s walk through a quick example where a company intends to raise $5 million by issuing debt. To record that transaction, you would credit liabilities in the amount of $5 million. This reflects the assumption of debt on the balance sheet.

What affects the income statement also affects the balance sheet, and any change on the balance sheet must be captured by the cash flow statement. If you understand these relationships, then you will also know how cash moves through a business. Ultimately, and certainly as an investor, that is the goal. Capital is generally understood as the money invested in the entity by the owner / owners, but it can be so much more. In real life, accountants record transactions in journal entries to various accounts using a recording system that involves Debits and Credits. The transactions in the accounts are then summarised to create summary values for each account.

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